Arabian-Berber, Anglo-Luso, Appaloosa, Appaloosa Sport Horse, Appendix Quarter Horse and Arabian Horse
This breed comes from the dream of local Moroccan tribesmen and was initially created as warhorse using Arabian and Barb (or Berber) bloodlines.
The cross drew on the best characteristics of both breeds an created a bold, fearless desert animal that was incredibly versatile. Today this breed is perhaps the most common one in Northern Africa and their popularity has grown into Europe.
Interestingly enough, the Arabian-Berber is also known to display the told gait making their strides smooth and comfortable.
Average height 15 – 16 hands Loyalty of the Berbers Speed & endurance of the Arabian
Head can follow Barb convex profile or Arabian dished face Neck is long & muscular Wide chest with oblique shoulder Withers are high and back is short & strong Body is square and harmonious Mane and tail are thick and long
All colors, often with a metallic sheen to their coat.
Courageous and bold Strong and steady Loyal animals
Race horses Transportation Pleasure horses Show horses
Today almost every breed owes some of its genetics to the Arabian horse, the beautiful and mighty Arabian is the fountainhead of the World’s horse breeds. Perhaps one of the most well-recognized profiles in the horse world, the Arabian’s physical loveliness is complimented by a hardy spirit and adaptable nature.
The breed is so old that it’s actual origin is unknown. Based on evidence, there is speculation that they came from the Arabian Peninsula sometime around 2500 BC. There they were bred for thousands of years as war mounts, through selective breeding and intense physical conditions this breed evolved into an animal with unparalleled lung capacity & a high level of endurance.
The prophet Mohammed was instrumental in bringing the Arabian to the rest of the world. He told his followers to cherish these animals and protect the mares who would continue to bear them. They were considered animals created by God and that good horsemanship would be rewarded in the afterlife.
Muslim conflicts in the 7th century AD continued to spread the breed’s influence outward. As nomads & warriors drifted further & further from home, they were forced to share scarce resources with their animals which created deep bonds between man & animal.
Until recent centuries the Bedouin tribes strictly maintained the purity of the breed. Their vigilant breeding practices the driving force behind the animal we know as Arabian today.
During the 18th and 19th centuries the breed made it’s way to Europe where development hit high gear and the Arabian’s popularity spread quickly through Russia, Scandinavia and the U.S. Today they are one of the most popular breeds in America and their blood refines a wide variety of breeds & bloodlines.
Average height 14.1 – 15.1 hands Built for speed and stamina, Arabians are quick and efficient. Distinctive back shape and high set tail due their 17 ribs, 5 lumbar vertebrae, and 16 tail bone formation.
Head is wedge-shaped, dished and refined Small muzzle with large nostrils Big expressive eyes Short curved ears Neck is arched with a refined, clean throatlatch Body is compact with short back Tail is high set
The AraAppaloosa is represented by the AraAppaloosa & Foundation Breeder’s International and they consider the horses they breed to be the original appaloosahorse.
Spotted horses are one of the oldest identifiable distinct breeds and had influence in the foundation of the Arabian breed. Middle Eastern and Egyptian art from centuries past reflect spotted animals.
The registry for AraAppaloosa in the United States is rather new one and their goal is to combine the finest elements of each breed, the good-nature and strength of theappaloosa and the refinement and grace of the Arabian.
Average height Elegant performance ability Sound and true
Animals will vary due to the numerous mixes of bloodlines
An Appendix Quarter Horse is a first generation cross between a registered Thoroughbred and an American Quarter Horse. They are registered as appendix but not initially eligible for a full AQHA registration.
The cross began in Texas and quickly took hold when the horse racing industry brought Thoroughbred bloodlines into the Quarter Horse Association.
Initially they were met with resistance by board members, but they relented to the cross with Thoroughbreds that held Quarter Horse type characteristics.
Through the years and selective breeding the resulting cross is a larger animal, with more refined features.
Average height 15 – 17 hands
Due to the different mixes of blood, physical characteristics vary by animal.
The Appaloosa Sport Horse was created in the USA with the intention of creating a European style sport horse with the appaloosa coloring.
This cross was achieved by crossing Appaloosa coloring with the athletic qualities of the Trekehners. The result is a beautifully colored animal, larger and with finer lines than the original appaloosa.
Head is erect & attractive Display characteristic white sclera & speckled mouth Neck is long and well-arched Shoulder is oblique and withers high Back is long with rounded croup Muscular hindquarters Elegant & strong legs
Known for their flamboyant spotted patterns, the Appaloosa is a color breed, meaning that they are classified based on their coat colors not confirmation features. There are six different coat patterns in the appy family, each distinctive and flashy.
The Appaloosa was developed by the Nez Perce Indians in the mid-18th century Oregon, parts of Washington and Idaho. This is another breed originating with Spanish horses brought to North America by conquistadores. The name Appaloosa comes from the Palouse River running throught the Nez Perce territory.
Bred not just for richness of coat and spotting patterns, these Appaloosas were also bred for their strength and endurance. Making them suitable for work, hunting and war. Even Lewis and Clark noted the quailty of the Nez Perce Appaloosas.
Then the U.S Government began seizing tribal lands and re-locating tribes to reservations. The Nez Perce fought and were defeated, many of their prized horses slaughtered by the U.S. Government.
Later in 1938 the Appaloosa Horse Club was formed in Idaho in the hopes of reviving the breed. Just 50 years later the breed registry became the third largest in the world.
Average height 14.2-15.2 hands A striking mottled apperance of many different patterns. Best specimens have the confirmation of well bred stock ponies. White sclera of the eye and mottled muzzle skin
Compact Strong, correct legs Short-coupled thin mane and tail Hard, striped feet
The Leopard pattern displays in a number of ways. Blanket Few spot leopard Frost Leopard Snowcap Snowflake Varnish Roan
Tractable Willing and hardy Strong endurance
Ranch work Show horse Pleasure horse Parade horse Stock horse Racing Long-distance riding
The Anglo-Luso comes from Portugal and began with the crossing of local Lusitano mares with English Thoroughbred stallions. However, many of the Portuguese people objected to the cross-breeding, considering it a pollution to their purebred animals.
Despite objections, some valued the cross as it united the speed of the Thoroughbred with the courage and tenacity of the Lusitano. The result of the cross is a versatile animal whose physical characteristics resemble that of the Lusitano. The additional agility the Thoroughblood provides makes this animal highly agile and prized in the bullring.
In keeping the bloodlines as pure as possible, there is a special section in the Portuguese studbook for the Anglo-Luso.
Average height 15.2 – 16 hands Beautiful free-flowing action
Straight, elegant profile Neck is long and well arched Wide, deep chest with sloping shoulder Straight & strong back Short, muscular hindquarters Legs are healthy & tough Strong hooves